Obesity an abnormal accumulation of body fat,

Published: 25th January 2009
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Obesity Definition: Obesity is an abnormal accumulation of body fat, usually 20% or more over an individual's ideal body weight. Obesity is associated with increased risk of illness, disability, and death. Obesity is a serious concern to all health care practitioners. Obesity seems to increase the risk of breast cancer only among postmenopausal women who do not use menopausal hormones. Obesity has been consistently associated with uterine (endometrial) cancer. Obesity has been estimated to account for about 40 percent of endometrial cancer cases in affluent societies. Obesity, hypertension, and the risk of kidney cancer in men. Obesity and risk of renal cell cancer. Obesity in relation to prostate cancer risk; comparison with a population having benign prostatic hyperplasia. Obesity is an excess of body fat that frequently results in a significant impairment of health. Obesity results when the size or number of fat cells in a person's body increases. Obesity is one of the greatest public health challenges of the 21st century. Obesity is already responsible for 2-8% of health costs and 10-13% of deaths in different parts of the Region. Obesity is one of the most pressing health problems in the United States, and it will soon become the country's leading cause of preventable death. Obesity has nearly doubled in the past 14 years. Obesity can also be a side effect of certain disorders and conditions, including: Cushing's syndrome, a disorder involving the excessive release of the hormone cortisol hypothyroidism, a condition caused by an underactive thyroid gland neurologic disturbances, such as damage to the hypothalamus, a structure located deep within the brain that helps regulate appetite consumption of such drugs as steroids, antipsychotic medications, or anti-depressants. The major symptoms of obesity are excessive weight gain and the presence of large amounts of fatty tissue. Obesity can also give rise to several secondary conditions, including: arthritis and other orthopedic problems, such as lower back pain hernias heartburn adult-onset asthma gum disease high cholesterol levels gallstones high blood pressure menstrual irregularities or cessation of menstruation (amenorhhea)decreased fertility, and pregnancy complications shortness of breath that can be incapacitating sleep apnea and sleeping disorders skin disorders arising from the bacterial breakdown of sweat and cellular material in thick folds of skin or from increased friction between folds emotional and social problems Diagnosis of obesity is made by observation and by comparing the patient's weight to ideal weight charts. Obesity refers to an increase in total body fat. Obesity is associated with significant increases in risk for type II diabetes mellitus, hyperlipidemia, high cholesterol, coronary artery disease, degenerative joint disease and psychosocial disability. Obesity is not just about being a little overweight but rather to a point where you must take action to avoid potentially serious problems. Obesity leads to many health problems, therefore it is essential to recognize the symptoms of significant obesity and get a suitable treatment for it. Obesity is not an overnight condition and is caused due to poor food and lifestyle habits or can come to you genetically. Obesity is curable and can be dealt with, if you make following changes: Change to a healthy diet Work with a calorie chart Maintain a healthier lifestyle Perform exercise regularly. Obesity and overweight can lead to a number of complications, including the following:. Obesity rates in Australia have more than doubled over the past 20 years. Obesity increases the risk of many chronic and potentially lethal diseases.

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